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Lesson One - Greek and Roman Mythology

Birth of Venus

Lesson Objectives
Upon completing the lesson students will be able to:
1. Identify a Greco-Roman god and his/her attributes and function in the life of Greeks (with 80% accuracy) when presented with visual prompts.
2. Identify passages from Homer's Iliad that relate to the importance of the gods and goddesses in the everyday life of the Greeks.
3. Compare and contrast different artistic interpretations of the Greek god Poseidon. They will identify his attributes and therefore his purpose/role in Greek society.

Time Required
One class period (45-60 minutes)

Materials Required
Mythology PowerPoint and notes
Handout/graphic organizer (fillable PDF)
Copies of Iliad poem

1. Teacher hands out the graphic organizers, or students open on a tablet or computer.

2. Teacher leads discussion (using the PowerPoint and accompanying notes) about the daily life of the Greeks with the primary focus on the importance of the gods and goddesses. Individual gods and goddesses, their roles in Greek life and their attributes will be highlighted. The images of these figures will be taken from items on display at Hearst Castle and among other museums.

3. During the discussion on the individual gods and goddesses the students will fill out the appropriate information in the appropriate boxes on their graphic organizers. Teacher may choose to model how to fill out the form with the first example.

4. Teacher will pause to hand out copies of an excerpt from the Iliad. The students will take turns reading aloud from the excerpt. Teacher will guide students through and ask students to identify the parts of the passage in which the gods/goddesses are discussed. What is Homer saying about the gods? How important are they? How did the Greeks worship their gods?

5. Teacher will continue the slides and discussion of the various gods and goddesses. The slide show will end with different images of Poseidon/Neptune. Teacher will lead the discussion on these images and ask the students to compare and contrast. What similarities do they see? What are his attributes? What do these attributes indicate about his role in Greek/Roman society?

At the end of the PowerPoint there will be a series of slides with images of the gods and goddesses that have been discussed in class. The teacher will show a slide and ask the students to identify them using the information they compiled in their organizers.